Social Skills

The skills we use to communicate and interact with each other, both verbally and non-verbally, through gestures, body language and our personal appearance.

How can caregivers help promote social skill acquisition?

Caregivers can provide a foundation for social skills by being responsive and consistent to their infant. It is important to provide opportunities to play with others so he can explore his own abilities and express his own feelings. Caregivers can model the type of behavior that is appropriate in various social situations.


Skills expected at various ages are listed below:


Birth - 3 Months

Looks at his own hands, sucks on fingers, learns to be comforted and soothed by adults, responds to touch, enjoys social stimulation and smiling at people

3 - 6 Months

Smiles, laughs, plays peek-a-boo, and look when his name is said

6 - 9 Months

Expresses a number of emotions (happy, sad, fear, discomfort), show frustration when a toy is taken away, begins to distinguish between familiar and unfamiliar people

9 - 12 Months

Imitates simple actions, expresses anxiety when separated from caregivers; self-regulates, manipulates and explores objects

1 - 2 Years

Engages and initiates in play related to their own body (sleeping, eating, etc.), recognizes herself in mirrors, plays independently, starts trying to help, expresses negative emotions, becomes more self-assertive

2 - 3 Years

Demonstrates a personal preference about toys, foods, activities, starts saying “no”, uses objects symbolically (pretend to drink from an empty cup, feed baby, etc.)

3 - 4 Years

Follows directions, shares toys, begins engaging in pretend play

4 - 5 Years

Enjoys imaginative play, becomes more aware of feelings, develop friendships, understands positive vs. negative behaviors

If you have concerns for your child’s development, contact us today for a FREE screening!

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